The Lord again indicts his people for injustice, one of the primary sins for which he decreed the end of Israel. Previously, the focus was on injustice in the gate, i.e., in the judicial system--corrupt judges who took bribes and perverted justice. In this passage, the emphasis is on injustice in the marketplace--unscrupulous, dishonest business practices. Israel had failed to follow the law laid down in Deuteronomy:
"You shall not have in your bag two kinds of weights, a large and a small . You shall not have in your house two kinds of measures, a large and a small. A full and fair weight you shall have, a full and fair measure you shall have, that your days may be long in the land that the Lord your God is giving you. For all who do such things, all who act dishonestly, are an abomination to the Lord your God" (Deut. 25:13-16).