whether you're in person or whether you're watching us online. This begin the evening with prayer father. We thank you for this beautiful evening that you've given us. Thank you for the opportunity we have to gather together as well as for the technology that you provide us, that we. Might still share the gospel for those outside of these four walls. Those who for whatever reason might not be able to join us in person tonight, I pray that you would help us set aside the cares of this week and focus our hearts and our mind, all our attention on the study of your word that your Holy spirit would be with us as our teacher. And that your word would find its place in our hearts to accomplish your perfect will and your good pleasure for your glory as well as for our benefit. We pray these things in Jesus name. Amen. Alright. Take your Bibles and turn with me to the book of James, where you are still continuing. I'm just thinking as I'm looking at this epistle we will likely be through within the next week or so. Easily, or I say easily, maybe the next couple of weeks at the most. And then Brandon asked me, where would I be going after that? I'm not sure right now exactly what we'll be doing. I had thought about doing another systematic theology study on a biblical anthropology or what the Bible has to say about man, the nature of man. Um, but we'll see, we'll see how that happens. But in. James chapter five, I'm going to focus our attention tonight. So it might be a relatively brief study on just one verse on verse 12, but I'm going to read verses 7 through 12 to kind of keep the context in James chapter five verse seven. Be patient, therefore brothers until the coming of the Lord. See how the farmer waits for the precious food of the earth being patient about it until he receives the early and late rains. You also be patient establish your hearts for the coming of the Lord is at hand, do not grumble against one another brothers so that you may not be judged behold. The judge is standing at the door as an example of suffering and patience brothers take. The prophets who spoke in the name of the Lord behold, we consider those blessed who remained steadfast. You have heard of the steadfastness of Job, and you have seen the purpose of the Lord, how the Lord is compassionate and merciful. 12. But above all my brothers do not swear either by heaven or by earth or by any other oath, but let your yes. Be yes and your no be no so that you may not fall under condemnation?" Now after reading verses seven through 11 of this chapter, and then coming to verse 12, one may immediately ask the question. How is this verse associated? With what I just read. And this is a fair question to ask, because there does seem to be a transition from what was written in the preceding verses seven through 11. It almost is as if this part this verse, verse 12, is parenthetical. It's made a little bit easier though in. The English standard version translation, because verse 11 closes a paragraph and then verse 12 stands alone as a one sentence paragraph that helps us a little bit. So there, there is discussion among commentators, how it associates with what's previously written, is it meant to stand alone? Does it introduce what he's going to say? And I'll address that. What James is about to write in this sentence is given importance by something that we notice here, he says, "but above all", so that, that use of the "above all" does mark a transition, but then again, what James is about to write in this sentence is given importance by the way, he opens it. But above all, if I were to say, for instance, be talking to you, and I were discussing something with you. And then I were to pause for a moment and say, but most importantly, or as James puts it, but above all your natural assumption would be that what I am about to say, take some precedents, maybe over what I have previously said, not that it necessarily negates the importance of what I've previously said, but it does put an emphasis on what I am about to say. However, with this said, one could reasonably argue that while it can and appears to stand alone, it is not totally divorced from what James has addressed earlier and throughout the epistle. Let me give you some examples. Look at what he says in verse 12, he says above all my brothers do not swear. So the subject of this verse is swearing. It has to do with swearing. So swearing is an action taken with the tongue. And we know this is not the first time that James has addressed the issue of the tongue in this epistle. He's certainly addressed the matter of the potential the tongue. You can look only back at chapter three, verses one through 12, where we are told this about the tongue. I mean, that is probably one of the clearest treaties on the nature of the tongue in scripture. Number one, for example, if you look at chapter three verses one through 12. First, we see that the tongue is boastful, secondly, we see it is a fire. Think about that. I mean, these are, these metaphors are amazing here. Number three, it is a world of unrighteousness for it is a restless evil, five is full of deadly poison and then last number six in those verses, we see that while we use the tongue to bless God, we turn right around and use it to curse people. Now I've got to admit something to you that I, obviously all of us being Christians for some period of time or well aware of these things, but I will have to admit that several weeks ago when we addressed that in chapter three, it did spark a keen and new, fresh awareness in me. And I've noticed it now as I'm driving in Daytona, because it is really very easy to miss use the tongue in traffic. Is it not? And now I will catch myself. And I will be very careful about what I am wanting to say, because I'm thinking, okay, here's the same tongue that blesses God, first thing in the morning, reads a scripture out loud to myself, and then I'm gonna get in a car and start ranting at other people. That's in essence, fitting what he's saying here. So again, boastful, it's a fire word of unrighteousness is a restless, evil, full of deadly poison. We use it to curse people. And James also warned his readers in chapter four, verse 11, how not to use the tongue. He tells them in 4:11 to not speak evil of one another. And then in chapter five, the chapter that we're in right now, he has already, uh, as we've seen, told them, do not grumble in regards to one another, every one of those things that I've just spoken of has to do with speech. It has to do with what we say, the use of our tongue and the use of our mouth. Another similarity between verse 12 and the preceding verses is seeing when we look at verse nine of chapter five, which I just mentioned to you so that you may not be judged. So in other words, we do not grumble in order that we, what. That we may not be judged behold. The judge James says standing at the door and then in verse 12, the verse where we are tonight, he talks about falling under condemnation. So if you think about being judged and falling under condemnation, there certainly is a link between the two. Well, my point is this. While there is a transition at the end of verse 11 and the writing of verse 12, there is a real continuity of the text. James is just not shooting a gun off into the air with no purpose. You got to remember. And I do remind ourselves of this quite frequently that James is writing under the inspiration of the Holy spirit. So there is a perspicuity or clarity, and yet there's also a continuity that runs through what the apostles, right? Because they are writing as they are being moved on by the spirit. So let's look carefully at what James is saying, what he intends to communicate with his readers, original readers, and by extension us. First, and we're going to look at the historical context of this and get an understanding of it and you'll see how it relates to us as well. But first I think it is imperative to properly understand what James means by swear in his warning. In fact, the Greek word swear, omnyete, the Greek word. Omnuo has nothing in this context to do. With how we think of swearing. If I were to say to you, don't swear what likely would be the very first thing that comes to your mind. Profanity. In fact, that's what we often just automatically relate to swearing is profanity. Now don't misunderstand me. I'm not saying that the scripture does not address we know better than that, nor forbid profanity. There are other passages that address this in regards to a believer. We need only look at Ephesians 4:29, where it says, let no corrupting thing come out of your mouth. That could be very well related to the use of profanity, as well as a variety of other things like lying, which we will deal with tonight. But corrupting communication has one translation says, or corrupt communication could have to do with the use of profanity and we've talked about that before, how it seems like this, this culture we live in, I mean, profantasy has always been a human issue,but now it is just, I think at least in my estimation, it is more open than it probably has ever been. I've even said this to you before that I remember as I was going through high school and college guys had felt the mouths, but for the most part, even among unregenerate people, which is where I had my association's in college. As a fraternity, most of the girls and the women that we associated with while they could occasionally throw out a pretty profane word, it just wasn't congruent with their normal conversation as it was with guys, but now that whole thing has changed, has been a major shift. I'm not trying to pick on anybody, but it's often several, they can curse worse than a sailor. I never been a sailor. I don't know how bad sailors can curse, but I guess that they can use some pretty profane language. "So let no corrupting thing come out of your mouth" in Colossians 3:8 says it even more clearly it says in English standard version, it says "you must put away obscene talk." So they are clear references. To the nature of the speech that we use being obscene, being profane, being corrupt. So that would relate to those, but that's not what James is talking about in context in verse 12 of James five. Here in verse 12, swear as Mounts writes, quote, listen very carefully "conveys the affirmation or denial of one's word or loyalty by an oath before a witness." So in other words, I'll just kind of consolidate, that was a brief sentence anyway, but I'll say it like this, that swear in this context has to do, has to do with swearing, an oath that is oath associated. And we're going to see that in just a moment, James' Jewish audience would understand this pro inhibition. Very clearly. Remember he's writing to predominantly Jewish people. These are Jewish exiles who have become Christians and have been dispersed throughout the Roman empire, but they would be very familiar with this because they, they were used to the practice, listen very carefully of swearing oaths in their previous Judaism. To kind of give you a little bit of information about the origin and this is a very abbreviated, um, history lesson in regards to swearing oaths but the origin of swearing oath goes back into Jewish history, way back. When there was no, no written contracts say here's what they would do. They would swear of in the company of a witness or witnesses. And that was practiced to actually act as that, which was bind agreements between parties. So if a person was con conducting a business deal, for example, or some kind of interaction with each other and some type of surety had to be offered, I guess you could call it a sense of that way. I know that there's a sense of assurity, but they would swear and Oh, in the company of witnesses, so that in the event, That one...one party or the party swore the oath worked to break that oath. They could bring in the other witnesses and say, this person swore that you were a witness that absolutely true. Then you can be held accountable to it. So this is how they early on conducted their affairs by swearing oaths. They would even call God to witness, which meant to convey the idea of invoking his judgment if failed to live up to his oath, they might, I don't know exactly how they might word it. It might be so help me God, or something like that. Or they would somehow invoke God's name in it. And with, with the idea of adding a degree of. A measure of seriousness to the oath it might be one thing to think you could get something over on somebody else by simply swearing something, but if you are a, might I say not just a, a cultural Jew, but, a practicing Jewish person who feared the name of Yahweh then you would think twice before swearing using Yahweh name for fear of incurring Yahweh judgment. And so this was a very serious matter. Think of it this way in our courts today, at least, I mean, of course, a day or not like they used to be, but in our courts today, at least in most places and in most cases, one still places his hand. Own a Bible and, or raises his right hand and swears to tell the truth. Now, even if the Bible has been taken out, they will at least have the person stand. The bailiff will come forward or whoever it might be. The officer of the courts, they raise your right hand. Maybe not a Bible, but it's still raise their right hand. Is that I, I saw him swear to tell the truth, the whole truth, nothing but the truth. So they're swearing. They are practicing an oath, often closing still in some places today, closing with, so help me, God, they still do that in some places. I don't know how much longer that will. I mean, I, if I'm not mistaken, you can likely ask not to have to do that. I'm not sure, but in effect when someone says. So help me, God, are they not calling God to witness? They are saying, if I lie after making this oath, I am in effect, lying to God. And in a person with a relatively sensitive conscience would avoid. Lying under that situation. In fact, I, it, I don't, I don't like it. I, if any of my family uses it, I, which none of my adult children do none of my grandchildren who as of yet, but I have over the years, heard people, well, I swear to God and it just makes me cringe on the inside. They have no idea what they're doing. Invoking the name of God in earth, they are taking weather, or I have no idea whether or not they are intending to live up to that oath or that promise, but just try and I guess, by doing that, to persuade the person that they're talking to, that they're serious about it. So that's so help me God, as a measure of gravity to the oath. So the consequence of we know lying under oath are administered by the court and the lying under oath is not a small thing. Well, you can imagine what I'd like to say right now in light of the political climate that we're in, but I'm going to re I will discipline myself and be nice tonight. The cost sequences of lying under oath are administer are suppose to be administered by the court. Lying under oath, as we know is referred to as what perjury. You know what perjury is, I'm sure all of you could tell me, but perjury is the act of willfully and this is Webster's 1828 definition. The act of willfully making a false oath when lawfully administered to square faults, the necessity. Think about it this way to the necessity of an oath at all. Proves that all men have the propensity to not tell the truth. All man, if everybody could be trusted to step up and tell the truth, they would just say, Jeff, Lily, would you please take the stand? Let me ask you some questions. And they just would assume that you can completely tell them everything that is true. That's just not how. They look at it. So before they let you take that stand, they make you swear that, Oh, they are saying, I believe that you would lie under normal circumstances. So I'm going to make you swear under oath that you're going to tell me the truth. Calvin, in his commentary on verse 12, puts it this way. Quote, it has been a common listen to how he says it. It has been a common vice almost in all ages to swear. Lightly and inconsiderately end of quote. Calvin was nice basically just saying it's a common thing for men to lie. That's in essence, what he was saying in Romans three verse 13, the second part of verse 13, Paul writes these words, they. Speaking of men in general, you know, chapter three of Romans is kind of a, um, stunning riveting, uh, arresting expos, eight of human nature. It's not very nice, but it's true. But in verse 13 of chapter three, the second part, Paul writes these words, they, speaking of men in general, use their tongues. To deceive. In other words, basically saying men will not tell the truth. The simply means they lie. It is, as we might say, part and parcel with human nature, think about how wonderful it would be if I wasn't there a movie some time ago. Um, I don't remember. It's not like I vaguely remember where in this movie, the key actor could only speak the truth. Even when we intended to open his mouth and speak a lie, the truth came out. And I don't remember what the name of the movie was. I probably glad I don't remember it, but I mean, it was, it was, I mean, he got himself in a lot of trouble and all he was saying was what exactly the truth. So I want to spend a few minutes, just a few minutes, because I don't want to belabor this point just to own the subject of lying as it relates to what we are talking about this evening, when God gave the law to Moses, I'm talking about the DECA log, the 10 commandments I'm talking about the ceremonial or, or civil laws and talking about the, the moral law, the deck log, when he gave the law to Moses. Exodus chapter 20 verses 15 through 16, lying was strictly forbidden in the ninth commandment in verse 16 of Exodus 20. We read these words. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor. Now, while this most certainly. Means to give, and you can get this in any commentary to give false testimony against another person, which was strictly forbidden, which might very well result. If you gave us a false testimony about someone, it could result in unjust punishment that unjust punishment might be as severe as someone losing their life unjustly because of false testimony or bearing false witness. So it might be against speaking against another person, which might very well result in unjust punishment, but in the that's a, that's a narrow sense and that's, that is the contextual, immediate contextual application. But then again, if you think about what's being said, false witness bearing false witness in the broadest sense, it means speaking falsely. It means to do what. To lie. And again, the ninth commandment is a call to truthfulness, not just in specifically in the case of, in regards to someone else, but just in general as well, to speak the truth in Leviticus chapter 19, verse 11, the third part of that verse we read. These words, you shall not lie to one another. Now, hold on to that thought, because we'll come back to that in a moment. Now, the antinomian, that would be the person that is opposed. Uh, to the law thinking that, okay, we're new covenant believers, the law, including the 10 commandments have no application to us, which we are destroying that notion. And our Thursday night men's Bible study, which I am I'm loving. The antinomians might argue well, that's old Testament. Well, Paul says. The very same thing in Colossians three nine. I refer to clauses three, eight while ago, but in Colossians three, nine, Paul writes these words, he says, do not lie to one another. So here you got Leviticus, 1911 saying you shall not lie to one another. And then cautions three nine. Do not lie to one another. And then Paul continues seeing that you have put off the old self with its practices. So Paul is saying, what was the practice of the previous nature that we had before coming to Christ? We naturally lied. And quite frankly, oftentimes if we will be honest, lying and honest, if we were to be forthright, we would be seeing, we oftentimes did it without giving much thought to it. It was done. Oftentimes it's a matter of convenience. If I was about to get in trouble, I was going to meet, I was going to use every possible ploy to get out of trouble. Thank God for wise, parents who had heard it all because they probably did themselves when they were growing up and they never bought any of it, but we are supposed to put that away. Aren't we, we were supposed to put that away with our old self and begin to speak. Do not speak lies to one another, because what we see later in the scripture is this, the truth of the matter believers are to speak the truth, because Paul also says speaking the truth and love speaking the truth in love. We are to grow up in every way into him who is head the head into Christ. So we are not to lie to one another. But we are to speak the truth and we are to speak it in love. And speaking truth is part of our spiritual maturity, not just personally, but for the unity of the body as well. I don't need to tell you that lying is a serious matter to God. Consider. What the writer, pins and Proverbs. And this is one that I have referred to before in Proverbs chapter six, verses 16 through 19, where verse 16 begins. There are six things that the Lord hates seven that are an abomination to him. So it's safe to say that what the Proverbs writer is about to list following. Or an abomination to God got her whores, the things that are given and actually the second thing and the list of seven things that he gives is a lying tongue. Now he didn't even say that God hated lying. He said, God hates SWAT, a lying tongue. Where does a lying tongue rest? In the mouth of a person. So you might say by extension, God hates a liar. And think about that for a moment. Proverbs chapter 12, verse 22, lying lips are an abomination to the Lord. This is, this is a study. In and of itself and some trying to move along as quickly as I can, but there's a reason, a very clear, and this is worth noting, worth writing, keeping in your mind. There is a reason why God, uh, pores lying, why lying is an abomination to the Lord? Why a liar? Is an abomination to the Lord. And here is the primary fundamental reason. I don't know that you would find any other reason more significant than this reason. Right, right here, lying is diametrically opposed to the character and nature of God. That's what, what is sin anyway, in a general sense, sin is that which violates. God's character and nature, and we've done enough study in the attributes of God to know about the holiness of God, the righteousness of God, the truthfulness of God, which I'll address in just a moment, the justice of God, all those attributes that we talked about, but lying is diametrically opposed to the nature of God. Revelation chapter six, verse 10 refers to our sovereign Lord as Holy and true. Holy and true. Think about that. So important is truth that it is put in the same phrase with his holiness. Holy and true. They are absolutely inseparable. God is exactly as he reveals himself to be. He is true. The Lord Jesus in John 14, six reveals himself to be the truth. I am the way the life and the truth. I'm thinking about when Jesus stood before pilot. And pilot asked that informant question. What is truth? I thought to myself, what was standing right in front of pilot truth and self and incarnate, personified truth. God never listen. God never distorts or misrepresents truth. Remember I've mentioned to you before that the, the Muslim. Believes that Allah can lie if it is expedient for our law to lie. So they would not say that Allah lying is contrary to his nature, that, that alone, if I don't, if I needed anything else to verify that the Muslim and Islam and the Christian and Christianity do not worship the same, God. They simply do not. In fact, Jesus himself said in John chapter five, if you don't honor me, you don't honor the father. So they do not Christ. You automatically deny God. The father, a whole nother reason, God never distorts or misrepresents truth. It is Titus one, two tells us very clearly it is impossible for God to lie. God never. Lies. Think about that folks. A man walked the face of the earth. Yes, he was the God man, fully God fully man. But he walked the earth as man human flesh breathe. Our air, drank our water, ate our food. His feet got dirty on our soil and never spoke anything that wasn't true. How powerful is that? How wonderful. Is that let's get back to James now. So what about James's prohibition on swearing? It seems clear that what he is, what he is addressing as in every case context is essential to proper interpretation and application. If we carefully read what James writes, we should immediately see. A striking resemblance. Does that, does verse 12 sound remotely familiar to you? It should because there is a striking resemblance to something Jesus himself said in the gospel of Matthew turn holding your place in James turned to Matthew's gospel with me for a moment and turn to Matthew chapter five and let's look. At what our Lord says in Matthew chapter five, beginning in verse 33, all the way through verse 37, Matthew chapter five verses 33 through 37. He says these words, he says, again, you have heard that it was said to those of old, you shall not swear falsely, but shall perform to the Lord. What you have sworn. I goes back to what I said in our introduction. Well look at verse 34, but I say to you do not take an oath at all, either by heaven for it is the throne of God or by the earth for it is his footstool or by Jerusalem for it is the city of the great King and do not take an oath by your head for you cannot make one hair white or black. Let what you say be simply yes or no. Anything more than this comes from evil. So guess what was James the first to use those words? No. Now you got to remember, James was not, this is the brother of Jesus. He was not one of the original disciples. In fact, he was not even a believer. He didn't follow Jesus. So you would wonder where did he hear this from? Well, you'll remember that once Jesus appeared to James, after the resurrection, James became a believer, James mainly associated with the apostles in Jerusalem who were teaching the new believers via after Pentecost. And so all the things that Jesus had both taught and said they were teaching the people. So James would have been made familiar with those things through the teaching of the other apostles. So what James actually does here is basically echoes Jesus. We see in both what James writes and what Jesus said, not only the similarity of what they say, but the similarity of what they omit and this important. Oftentimes, look, what's not there. Let me explain both prohibitions. Do not involve the name of God in oath taking it's not there. There's a reason for this. And I think Simon Kista maker explains it. Well, his explanation is kind of lengthy, but I'll read it slow. So you can gather what he's trying to say to us. Quote like Jesus James is James fulminate, which means denounces against the Jewish custom of strengthening statements with nonbinding of us. The people knew the commandment. You shall not misuse the name of the Lord. Your God for the Lord will not hold anyone. Guiltless who misuses his name, Xs 27 and Deuteronomy five 11 to remain guiltless. Now listen carefully. What comes to maker says to remain guiltless. The Jews had to make a distinction between binding and nonbinding, us binding. And nonbinding us instead of using the divine name, which would be binding, they swore by heaven or by earth or by anything else, why? In their opinion, cause to make her come in, continues in their opinion, that would be nonbinding. Oh, Rascals. Cunning Rascals and would not incur the wrath of God. Now listen carefully, both Jesus and James denounces that practice the intention of appealing to God remains the same, even though it pretends to avoid using God's name. End of quote. So they were looking for that loophole. Okay. We won't use God's name because that would be a binding oath. And if we didn't keep it, we would incur the wrath of God. So here's, our Lupo will swear by heaven, by earth and even a hair on my own head. And that will be nonbinding and thereby I'll escape. The wrath. If I don't fulfill the oath, see how cunning they were. Calvin Calvin comments says quote so bad is our nature. Boy, he rips it quote so bad as our nature that we did not consider what an atrocious crime it is to profane the name of God for though the Lord Stricker commands us to reverence his name yet men. And this is so true yet men devise various subterfuges. Ways to excuse their conduct and think that they can swear with impunity. That's what they were doing. They were just swearing all over the place, making a Zen everything and doing it in such a way as to be nonbinding so that it would not incur God's wrath. Calvin continues. They imagined then there is no evil provided. They. There is no evil committed provided. They do not openly mention the name of God. So the Jews, when they swore by heaven or earth thought they did not profane God's name wrong because they did not mention it. But while men seek to be ingenious in dissembling with God, They delude themselves with the most frivolous evasions into quote Matthew Henry's commentary. And the whole Bible says, and this is his quote. The Jews thought if they, if they did omit God's name, they were on safe ground. They were safe. Just again, speaks volumes of human nature. Doesn't it. With all this said the prohibition is the careless flippant use of things, especially things pertaining to God. Even if you don't employ his name like heaven, Jesus said don't swear by heaven. Why? Because heaven is God's throne. Don't think you can swear by heaven and keep God out of the equation. You swear by heaven. That's God's throne. Oh, I wish forever earth. Oh, so you swear by earth. Don't do that because the earth is God's footstool. Don't swerve our earth nor heaven for nonbinding. He goes, and MacArthur has this quote, swearing by anything in God's dominion. Jesus declared brings God into the transaction. We need to remember that. Despite what the hypocritical deceivers MacArthur says may have thought or intended God regarded their odes binding and judge them for not keeping them all. They hadn't escaped anything. Had they not a thing. So they thought they were getting something over on somebody else and just storing up wrath for themselves. James is subscribing to our Lord's instructions and is reminding his exiled beleaguered readers of what they had. No doubt been taught earlier, abstain from indirect forms of swearing to do so. And this is me, this isn't, I'm not quoting anyone else to do so is a casual, frivolous manner. Is to invoke God's name and puts the person under condemnation. Whenever we swear frivolously casually, just things. Well, I swear you may not even invoke God's name. Thank you somehow that you've kept it neutral by not doing that. No. Casual frivolous. You don't swear by anything, not heaven, not earth, not even as Jesus said by the hair on your whole head, you cannot make one hair black or white they're temp. The beleaguered exiles attempt to fall back into the former Judaistic traditions. Endangered their faith. They were now out dealing likely with other non-believing Jews in the community communities, where they had gone back to and were exiled and likely were falling into the same practice all over again. After having been taught and James reminds him, James reminds him of what they've been taught before they were exiled and dispersed. As believers in Jesus Christ. Listen, we are not suppose to find ways to circumvent profaning God's name. We are to avoid it all together. The solution to this has provided in the close of the verse. Notice once again, to close the verse 12 notice once again, James goes on to echo the Lord's words. Look at Jesus's words in Matthew five 37. Again, let what you say be simply yes or no. And notice the way closes this anything more than this comes from evil. No, Paul, back to James chapter five, verse 12, be that, but let your yes. Be yes. And your no be no. So that you may not fall under condemnation. This is not complicated. The meaning here is very simple as believers. We are to speak the truth at all times. Not simply what let your yes. Be. Yes. And your no, be no means. It means just be a person who speaks the truth. Well, if I do that, it won't make me very popular. If one does this think about it? If one does this, there would be no need for superficialis of pre prefacing. What we say the flippant Carol is practice of swearing. Why swear would be unnecessary. We are very likely guilty to this. Of this to one measure or another while we may not use the word square because really for many of us Christians to use that word, squares is something we don't do. It just carries. We know it carries that negative connotation. We should not swear at our children. I swear if you do that again, I'm going to beat you and then we have no intention of doing it. I hope you're not going to beat him anyway. But you shouldn't even be using it in that context, but think of it this way. And I know no one here is guilty of this. I'm just preaching to the choir. Right. We will be in conversation with someone or we'll be about to say something and we'll preface it with these words, something like now I'm going to tell you the truth, or this is the honest truth. None of us have ever done that. Prefacing. Anything were about to say, yeah, right now, well, it may be a stretch and I'm not, I don't try to stretch things, but it may be a stretch to categorize, categorize these as actually swearing per se, but consider what you're saying. Think about it. Now I'm going to tell you the truth. Then my question is, have you previously been lying to me or this is the honest truth then has what you've been previously telling me, not the honest truth. Just giving these things careful consideration by before we open our mouths, remind ourselves, let your yes. Be yes. And your no, be no. Jesus says, and this will close it out. My time is getting away from me. Jesus says anything more than this comes from evil untruthful speech is not of God, nor from God. Jesus makes it clear. It comes from evil when we have to preface. What we're about to say by swearing, it's coming from evil. That's hard medicine. Isn't it? Well, that's what Jesus is saying. Let your yes. Be yes. Your no be no, because anything else comes from evil. I can only imagine as he's out on tree teaching. Sermon on the Mount. Oh, that's this Jewish audience who've been raised in this environment where this is a common practice. He's just unraveling in it. The very seems isn't he, James is an effect, James and effect addresses the end result of untruthful evil speech, swearing, which is misusing God's name. James uses the Greek word. Crisis C K R I S I S crisis, which means judgment or creases, which is the word used earlier in chapter two, verse 13 of James, where he writes of the judgment that is without mercy, that word is not used in any of these contexts to speak of judgment on the believer. That's important. Hey, judgment. That. That rests on the unregenerate is what he's talking about. Who shows no mercy, James, his point is this, are you ready? The habitual swear, swear, or is not truly saved a person that has to keep on swearing may likely be a person that is not saved at all. And as a result of his swearing, James and Jesus both say you will not escape eternal punishment. We know believe true believers don't suffer, return the punishment right there is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ. Jesus. So not only habitual, swearing. But habitual lying. Oh, this result in judgment or condemnation. Let me close the night. Study my clearing up a question that may have come to you. As we examined this text, should a Christian ever take an oath by swearing? Now that would be a fair question. Okay, Mitch, you read to me, Matthew five, you read to me John chap, James chapter five. Jesus says that you're not to take, you're not to swear an oath. So is he banning prohibiting all swearing is James is prohibition as well. A blanket prohibition on all swearing. Let me say this and I'm not alone. I'm by no means alone. In this, in fact, this is the overwhelming consensus we have, for example, in America right now, a legal system, at least to some measure, some might want to argue with this. It is, it has been built on Judeo Christian principles, especially if you go back and look at the founding of our law. And our judicial system, it, it echoes a lot of what we see in the law, the civil law that God gave Moses and the scripture. So we have a, uh, an example of a legal system. And as a proven mentioned, that requires an oath prior to giving a testimony. So. That means when you're called to court, say for some reason that you're called to jury duty or something, and you're, so it's a capital offense case, and you're, you're asked to take an oath and to swear, should you do that? This is a serious matter. And such an oath is not to be taken lightly or exercised and provocative, such an oath is not seen as. A warranty, condemnation of warranty and con condemnation, but the truth must be spoken. Yes, no, no. In other words here, here's what I'm saying is that you, you take that oath fully intending to do what, just to tell the truth and that's exactly what you do. And so do so now you're not looking to circumvent. The possible judgment for breaking the binding of you are intending on doing what keeping it. So the point is when you are called to court and asked to swear, do you swear the oath? Yes. Yes. But remember you should be telling yourself while you're raising your right hand or let down the Bible raising your right hand. I'm looking at you from your end and saying, I do solemnly swear to tell the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth. So help me, God. Here's what should ring in your heart? My, yes will be. Yes, am. I know it will be. No, I will speak the truth. Another example. Let me give you one more and then we'll close. Think our wedding vows, for example, we make solemn promises. And are when we come forward, I will have tomorrow. I will Metairie and I will celebrate 43 years, 43 years ago tomorrow at one o'clock, maybe on a Saturday, we, we stood before a pastor and probably a few hundred witnesses and we took that oath. We said those vows and I will never forget are the pastors that can, that, that, uh, conducted our wedding, pastor Christian White and the IMF person. I Methodist church in Rocky, Mount North Carolina gave us our marriage counseling and then married us. We make solemn promises and we make, and we make them the officiant, the officiant. We'll often say, after having us listen to him, give the oath that we're taking. He will say repeat after me. So help me, God. That's a binding of binding of we have involved God's name. Now things happen and there may not be in many cases, I would, I would, I would want to say that in most cases, when that's done that person's standing, there is not saying so help me, God, not meaning it, but horrible things happen because we live in a fallen world and we know that divorces real broken marriage, a real broken homes are real. And yet many when, when, when they stood up there, Didn't have none of that was in their intention. No, that was in their intention. But in reality, when people say we will, let's take an oath by way of swearing, God's name is involved. I, I jokingly asked Terry this morning as she was getting ready before we left together, I went to work out. She went to school and I said, I said, did you think 43 years ago that we'd still be together? 43? I just asked her that. I don't know why I even asked her. That was a dumb thing to ask her. And she looked at me like, what's wrong with you? Of course I did. I'm glad. I'm really cause it hasn't always been easy, but again, the quality qualifier is the context and the setting. This doesn't fit the context of either Jesus or James's prohibition in regards to us not taking notes or swearing when we're in the legal system, again, as long as it is done, truthfully, that's what matters truth is the heart of the matter and truth is in fact, a matter of the heart. Isn't it? And that's what James is talking about. So there's one verse in James. Tonight and I hope and pray. It's been somehow informative as I brought it to you. Let's close my prayer father. We thank you for this beautiful evening. Let me thank you again for the opportunity of coming together. Lord, I thank you for the joy and the privilege and the honor of opening a Bible opening notes. Bringing God's word to God's people. It is a sobering task, but it is that would you have called us to, and so I prayed that tonight, we've taken simply one sentence in our Bibles and we have tried and our feeble way. To draw from it. The truth that you intended to not only communicate for those in this historical context, but to us as well today, might we not be frivolous in our promises? May we not be frivolous and casual in the things that we commit ourselves to and the way that we speak and communicate to one another, might we. Give serious consideration to the things that we say might indeed our USBs are no be no, because we know that anything more than that endangers our spiritual welfare. And so father, we bless you. We thank you for this evening. We look forward with the eager anticipation to being back together. This coming Lord's day, we're looking for beautiful weather. We're looking for a great picnic, the tent to be put up Friday. All the fixings and cooking would be happening all day, Saturday and Saturday night. Um, we're just looking forward to a wonderful time. This board's day together. So bless us keepers, help the unwell until we come back together. I pray in Jesus name. Amen. The Lord. Bless you.