Renewable Energy SmartPod

Smart Buildings and Load Flexibility

December 07, 2021 Season 1 Episode 19
Renewable Energy SmartPod
Smart Buildings and Load Flexibility
Show Notes Transcript Chapter Markers

As more and more renewables come online, load flexibility is a key component of the grid of the future. John Powers, founder and CEO of Extensible Energy, joins the show to talk about how smart technology is helping building owners and tenants optimize their energy efficiency and save big money.

John also outlines the work of the California Load Flexibility Research and Development Hub (CalFlexHub), which is a team of experts from across the energy landscape working to develop energy efficiency and distributed energy resource technologies that are flexible, interoperable, and grid-integrated.     

More resources

Sign up today to receive the Renewable Energy SmartBrief
Listen to the Modern Money SmartPod

Emerson - Consider It Solved


(Note: This transcript was produced using artificial intelligence.  It has not been edited verbatim.)

 

Sean McMahon  00:09

What's up everyone and welcome to the Renewable Energy Smart pod. I'm your host Sean McMahon. And after taking a few weeks off to catch our breath after cop 26 We're back for another episode. And my guest today is John Powers. John is the founder and CEO of Extensible Energy, a firm that is also part of the California Load Flexibility Research and Development Hub. CalFlexHub, as it's known, works to develop energy efficiency and distributed energy resource technologies that are flexible, interoperable, and grid integrated. 

As more and more renewables connect to the grid. John and I will be talking about load flexibility, and some of the technologies being deployed in commercial buildings to optimize energy usage and save businesses big money. 

As I mentioned, we did three episodes related to COP26. So be sure to give those a listen in case you might have missed them. And if the finance and reporting aspects of the ESG topics discussed in Glasgow are of interest to you, check out SmartBrief’s other podcast, the Modern Money SmartPod. That show tackles the way everyone from consumers to traders on Wall Street are trying to tackle the complexities surrounding ESG data and investing. 

Looking ahead, next week I'm going to be talking taxes with Sean Moran, one of the tax gurus from the law firm of Vinson and Elkins. Tax incentives like the production tax credit and the investment tax credit have had a massive impact on the growth of renewables and the possibility of direct pay also looms on the horizon. Sean is going to join me to dive into what lies ahead for that corner of renewables industry, particularly as projects in the US expand into the realm of offshore wind. 

So let's get things going. But before John Powers and I start talking load flexibility, here's a quick word from the exclusive sponsor of today's episode. Emerson.

 

Advertisement  01:45

Emerson has a deep legacy of helping our customers in the world's most essential industries solve the most complex challenges of modern life. Our breakthrough software and technologies drive innovation that makes the world healthier, safer, smarter, and more sustainable. Emerson - Consider it solved.

 

Sean McMahon  02:11

Hello, everyone, and thank you for joining me for today's episode of the renewable energy smart pod. Today, I'm joined by John Powers, the founder and CEO of Extensible Energy. John, how are you doing today?

 

John Powers  02:22

I just get better all the time. Thanks a lot. 

 

Sean McMahon  02:24

Oh, that's a great way to look at life. We brought you on the show today to talk about a few things. Number one, your firm's heavily involved in load flexibility and how that impacts commercial real estate and other buildings. But also, because you're associated with the California Load Flexibility Research and Development Hub, which is otherwise known as CalFlexHub, which is a prime contractor of Lawrence Berkeley Lab. So let's start with the basics. We have a lot of listeners for the show might not be that familiar with load flexibility. So give me load flexibility 101, what is it?

 

John Powers  02:51

Well, first off, thanks a lot, Sean, really excited to be here with you today. Load flexibility, we view that as a platform for value for the customer and value for the grid. So we're really excited, of course, to see the adoption of solar and wind as the primary sources of new energy on the grid. But as the generation side of the grid becomes less dispatchable, the load side of the grid has to become more flexible. So load flexibility can provide demand charge management for customers Time Of Use arbitrage for customers. But it can also provide services to the grid that are necessary to accommodate a greater amount of non dispatchable renewables on the grid. So that could be in the form of demand response that could be in the form of participation in real time load flexibility, markets and everything in between.

 

Sean McMahon  03:51

So why is load flexibility so important to the grid of the future? Is it because all those renewables that might be coming online,

 

John Powers  03:56

For sure the renewables are the driving force for greater value from load flexibility. So of course, we all think of energy storage as being a key enabler of more wind and solar on the grid, and it truly is. But in addition to that, there's storage available in residential, commercial and industrial buildings or customer side resources that are much cheaper than expensive new, fixed battery storage. And being able to tap into that storage for example, the natural flexibility of when electric vehicles charge for the natural flexibility of the thermal mass of buildings. Any of that is cheaper than buying new batteries just for the grid.

 

Sean McMahon  04:50

And I mentioned at the top that extensible energy is part of the CalFlexHub consortium of companies. So what is CalFlexHub doing to develop the technologies needed to optimize all these smart buildings?

 

John Powers  05:00

Yeah, that's a great, great project that the US Department of Energy and the California Energy Commission are funding with Lawrence Berkeley Lab as the prime. And we're a small part of the project as well, to pioneer price signals that enable customers to benefit from load flexibility. So it's great to have information on prices flowing from the wholesale market to the retail market, all the way down to the end customer. And demonstrating that customers really can provide load flexibility back to the grid in response to price signals. So the CalFlexHub project is certainly an R&D project in that it's developing some of the technology for those price signals. But it's really a demonstration project to get that technology pushed all the way down to real buildings in the real world and demonstrate the value to the end customers. So that's our piece of it as we specialize in small to medium commercial buildings. And we'll be controlling those buildings in response to the price signals generated through LBL. And its other subcontractors.

 

Sean McMahon  06:20

So what are some of those technologies look like technology is being developed that'll be installed in commercial buildings, what are we talking about?

 

John Powers  06:26

So the technologies we're working on are all about control of flexible loads and commercial buildings, that could be batteries. And that could be car chargers behind the meter. But in most buildings that's heating and cooling, that's the largest flexible load in almost all commercial buildings. So we have our DemandEx software, which controls the flexible loads, in oh boy, almost any kind of commercial building, office, retail, church, school, conditioned warehouse, municipal building, any place where there are large, flexible loads behind the meter, our gateway talks, many different languages to all the different types of loads in buildings. Most common is to thermostats or to existing building energy management systems. None of those systems are built to respond to grid signals, particularly today. So are pieces to be able to tell the loads in the building, when to use more energy, we always used to talk about energy efficiency. And energy efficiency is mostly about hardware. But load flexibility is about software. Because when you use electricity is just as important as the total amount of electricity that you use. So we say, Hey, it's okay for this part of the building to be a couple degrees cooler right now, Hey, it's okay for this part of the building to be a couple degrees warmer right now, because that is a lot of energy that can be moved from minute to minute and hour to hour, without affecting the comfort or the convenience of the customer or the tenants in the building. So if you can shift load from hour to hour, you can benefit greatly from existing tariffs just through demand charge management, but certainly even more greatly from the opening of load flexibility markets, similar to those being explored with the CalFlexHub Project.

 

Sean McMahon  08:29

How does the CalFlexHub work mesh with the build out of more renewables? Are they kind of specifically going for solar and wind and battery kind of built out? Or is it more legacy power generation sources?

 

John Powers  08:40

No, I think that the CalFlexHub anticipates all of the other state and national goals for increasing the percentage of renewables on the grid, and is working to quickly help the load side catch up with that. So the solar is coming, the wind is coming. And the Cal Flex Project is designed to help the load side catch up with what's happening on the supply side supply is getting cleaner, and more renewable and more distributed all the time. We're already curtailing a lot of the output of renewable resources today in California, because there's no demand for it at certain minutes or hours during the day. So being able to match the load with the generation is a key piece of what the CalFlexHub project is all about.

 

Sean McMahon  09:34

And so how does that smart building technology interact from the utility side? They're looking to develop minute by minute power pricing. Where's that intersection going to happen?

 

John Powers  09:42

Well, in part through a price server that will be part of the CalFlexHub project. And then in part in our software, which will react to those prices to say as I was mentioning before, now we see prices are cheap. It's a good idea to predict Cool part of the building or pre charge a battery or pre charge, electric vehicle behind the meter. Oh, and now a little later, power is becoming more expensive, it's a good time to let the temperature drift back up a couple degrees. Again, this is all stuff that happens automatically. No end customer has to jump into the cockpit of their energy management system and fly it all day because nobody wants to do that. Our software uses machine learning artificial intelligence. This is one of those cases where artificial intelligence is taking away jobs that no one is doing. So no one is actually watching minute by minute, hour by hour what the price of electricity is and what the hundreds of decisions that need to be made in your building would be. So the software takes care of all of that for you. It's a great way to sort of begin to understand your current electricity bill, how you can control was what was previously viewed as uncontrollable, most commercial buildings view electricity or energy in general, as an uncontrollable line item expense, we bring the ability to do more control, and to get control of your electricity budget. And that's important today. But it's going to be so much more important as prices get more complicated and more variable as we bring more renewables onto the grid.

 

Sean McMahon  11:27

Does the build out of EVs and electric vehicle charging stations? Does that complicate the system at all? Because you know, what I'm seeing is that some building a lineup eight or 10, Evie chargers outside employees drive up plug in. So obviously that's charging during the working hour of the building. So how is that adding to the complexity of this?

 

John Powers  11:45

Well, in some cases, we like to say the more complex, the better. Because there's less and less opportunity to adjust to this stuff manually. existing building management systems are paying no attention to what the prices on the grid are. They're paying no attention to what new changes to the electrical infrastructure of the building, like putting a new car chargers are you need software that's dedicated to watching the whole building usage and the individual components of that usage. So yes, it makes it more complicated for an existing building to manage its loads. But it just drives up the need for software like DemandEx, which can monitor all of that with no more difficulty than it's monitoring the heating and cooling loads today. So we built it for that purpose as we add more car chargers, batteries. Basically as we electrify everything, and clean up the grid, you need the ability to respond to grid signals and manage more and more complex loads in a building.

 

Sean McMahon  12:54

Yeah, I like what you said there about this as another example of AI, you know, taking a job that no humans doing. That's pretty good.

 

John Powers  13:01

Thanks. Yeah, I have to say that you certainly could imagine humans doing this, but it rapidly becomes infeasible to make the hundreds of decisions a minute throughout the building, to really optimize the usage patterns of the building. We're talking about really meaningful savings for the end customer as well, with the rate structures that are even those that are in place today, you can be talking 15 or 20% of the electricity budget of a building just by shifting usage patterns around a little bit. And as we add more, as you just mentioned, more and quite significant electrical loads to a lot of buildings. I think folks are going to be faced with some sticker shock with their utility bills unless they can manage them more automatically.

 

Sean McMahon  13:53

We're going to take a quick break. But when we come back, we'll hear John's thoughts on how the adoption of smart building technology might resemble the adoption of mobile phones.

 

Advertisement  14:02

As a global innovator, Emerson has a deep legacy of helping our customers in the world's most essential industries solve the most complex challenges of modern life. Powered by a community of problem solvers. with industry leading expertise. We deliver sustainable grid solutions that increase efficiency, reduce emissions and conserve resources. Our breakthrough software and technologies seamlessly integrate renewable and distributed energy resources into the power network for more reliable and stable electric grid. We drive innovation that makes the world healthier, safer, smarter, and more sustainable. Emerson consider it solved.

 

Sean McMahon  14:50

And now back to our conversation about load flexibility and smart building technology with John Powers from Extensible Energy and CalFlexHub. 

So how fast does the the messaging come and how fast does it go from, say a wind farm 50 miles away, it suddenly wind has died down. And a lot of the critics of wind say its so intermittent. So OK, at 3:30 in the afternoon, the wind dies down 50 miles away. Obviously, there's less power available, so how fast does that message get to the building that has the software involved, so it knows, okay, hey, let's back off of a couple degrees of HVAC or something like that?

 

John Powers  15:23

Right, so there's a couple of components to that I think the signal can get to our software in the cloud almost instantaneously. We don't mess with thermostats or other things in the building too frequently, because you don't want to break the compressors, you don't want to be turning stuff on and off every minute. So we basically do a sweep of the building about once a minute just to see what everything is doing. But we send signals that change the state of particular devices only as frequently as necessary to keep the building comfortable and to be the sort of 15 minute interval pricing that most of the customers are on now. So it's typically on the order of a minute to go from a signal to a change in the building. And, again, you want to be judicious about how frequently you change any one device. So you change the setpoint of a thermostat, that will change within a short amount of time not instantly. But that will change what heating and cooling units turn on for a given period of time. Even sort of that loose level of control of just changing set points, allows you to shift energy quickly enough to adjust to any change in pricing on the grid, or to adjust to a current demand charge right now. So you and I pay for kilowatt hours at home, right, just however many, how much energy we use, we get charged by the kilowatt hour for that. And commercial buildings get charged for that too. But they also get charged based on the highest 15 minutes of usage during the entire month. So that's called a demand charge. And that can be up to half of the utility bill for commercial customers. So if you think about that for a second, that's like saying, the worst mistake your building makes all month long, can be half your bill. So we try and make less bad mistakes, we try and make the worst mistake of the month less bad. And that can save you a ton of money on your electricity bill.

 

Sean McMahon  17:34

So what kind of feedback are you getting from customers who've either deployed this technology or from someone who haven't yet why they might be waiting?

 

John Powers  17:41

Yeah, so the feedbacks been great, we do voice of the customer analysis constantly, because we're trying to improve the product and respond to what customers need. Because it isn't all just about cost, right? We've had customers tell us that there's basically four C's and a building, there's comfort, control costs, and carbon. And we have customers who react to each of those components to a greater or lesser extent, some are just in it to control their costs. And that's sort of what our original vision of the product was that this would be something for helping businesses save money as the grid becomes more complicated. But we have just as many customers who are following their own corporate sustainability goals, who are using this as a way to reduce their carbon footprint, shifting their usage, from dirty times to clean times on the grid makes a big difference. And we have customers who are definitely much happier about the comfort once they get their whole building under better control. So that you've I'm sure heard about thermostat wars and other sort of things in commercial buildings where everybody has sort of a different tolerance for being warm or cool at a given time. Well, we can guaranteed keep the building within a range of temperatures that everybody agrees on ahead of time, and then allow customers to override when they have to for a special events or something like that. That gives them greater control over their own comfort and costs and carbon. So folks tell us that the buildings are more comfortable after we got there than before. They are definitely under better control. So we have customers who tell us, I was just worried that, you know, my employees were leaving the air conditioning on on a Sunday when we weren't even open in the building. So there's some just really simple improvements that you can get from getting the building under better control. But once it's under better control, you can react to signals from the grid, you can react to your own schedules and needs to so we're getting a good good feedback from the customers about what we've done so far. We're improving our reporting. So we can track the savings better and track the carbon savings as well as the energy and dollar savings. And we're doing more through CalFlexHub and other initiatives, we have going to respond from signals to signals from the grid as well.

 

Sean McMahon  20:18

Alright, and then so you mentioned the reporting carbon savings, and reduction and things like that. So do you see this as a growth area ESG is everywhere, right, and a lot is gonna be trending a lot more reporting. So this factor into that as well, like a company can say, hey, we actually have data on how much less carbon we're using.

 

John Powers  20:34

Absolutely. It's a key input energy usage is a big input to any of the carbon footprint tracking that customers are doing. ESG is a much bigger topic than we cover in our software, we're focused on the energy component to that. But it's a key input. And it's something that can be tracked and measured. Minute by minute, hour by hour, we have partnership with Watt Time and RMI, which, Watt Time is part of RMI, and they track the carbon intensity of generation, at a very fine grained level across all the different wholesale markets in the United States. So we work with them to track the carbon intensity of usage in each of our buildings, and, you know, reporting on that and helping our customers meet their ESG goals is, for some, it's not a big priority yet. But for others, it's, you know, it's a key buying decision, buying criteria for the software.

 

Sean McMahon  21:36

So you mentioned a lot of customers are trying to decide whether to make this kind of investment in this technology. So what are you hearing from customers who might say that they're very interested, but they just want to wait, you know, what is it that they're waiting for?

 

John Powers  21:46

Yeah, that's a that's a great question. I mean, a lot of what we're doing is trying to reduce the complexity. So the buying decision is easier. A lot of folks do not think about energy as their top priority. So we have been focused on making this one day installation, you know, simplifying our pricing, simplifying the implementation on the customers, and so that there's really no reason to wait, the payback time for most customers is less than a year. So basically, it's a very high return on investment. So it's, it's really an attention thing. So if they're paying attention to energy at all, we don't usually get folks who want to wait. But if energy is not their top priority, we've run into plenty of customers who have supply chain issues that are employment issues, that sort of Trump any of the energy concerns, and we'll be ready when they are on that, in those cases.

 

Sean McMahon  22:48

You already mentioned, the payback time is usually less than a year, so who are the customers or the building owners who benefit the most from this right now, where's the most business booming for you?

 

John Powers  22:56

The software pays for itself anywhere today, where demand charges are above maybe eight to $10 per kW. That's about two thirds of the country. So we're getting a lot of interest here in California, get a lot of interest in Colorado, because we've got a great partner out there who's done quite a bit of business with us. We have interest, though, from really, I'd say at least half the states and two thirds of the population of the country. So we had folks in in Florida, folks in the northeast, demand charges are high in the Northeast. So there's a lot of different pockets around the country where this is very interesting to people. Our biggest two markets right now are California and Colorado, but it's growing all over the country.

 

Sean McMahon  23:48

All right, you got ahead of me, John, I was gonna ask you that question next about any geographic areas where you're seeing a lot of business. So let me just change that to then what kind of industries? I mean, you mentioned supply chain, things like that. But are there any industries where they're calling you now realizing how much sense this might make for their operations?

 

John Powers  24:04

Yeah, so retail is big for us. Because the ability to drive costs down really helps in a thin margin business, like retail, we're working on some bigger deals in the office sector. Because unlike a lot of these technologies, this will work for tenants as well as owner occupied buildings. So a lot of sort of heavier retrofit work only applies to places where there's a kind of owner occupied, or particular metering structure from the utility. Our software is, well, it's software, you don't need to do a lot of equipment, retrofitting or anything else. So a tenant with more than a three year lease can see a rapid payback and be able to implement this without any interaction with the landlords at all. So We're seeing some more interest in offices, we've had a lot of interest from schools who have recently gotten money out of either federal or state infrastructure bills. And in particular, since a lot of our software affects the HVAC systems, there's some incentives now to upgrade controls on HVAC systems that schools have approached us about. That's a great market for us. Solar equipped schools, especially interesting because solar takes care a lot of their energy but not demand charges. So being able to reduce demand on a solar equipped school has a really quick payback time and can really help with the mission of solar in those buildings, we make the best use of solar by really increasing the savings and increasing the carbon savings from going solar. So those are three of our biggest retail, office and schools.

 

Sean McMahon  25:56

So I was bouncing around the CalFlexHub site. And it seems like they have their eyes on a just transition. And so they mentioned how they're, in addition to developing all this technology, they're also keeping their eye on providing it to disadvantaged in low income communities that might not be able to afford it. So how does that function? What does that look like?

 

John Powers  26:13

Yeah, we take that very seriously. We're really proud of some of the work we've done with houses of worship in underprivileged areas, savings of even a few $1,000 on their electricity bill just translates into more available for their mission in the community. We work with a church in Bakersfield that distributes food to families throughout a relatively low income community there, it just frees up more resources that are needlessly going to utility bills, frees up those resources for their mission in the community. The same with schools, you know, there's schools that have very stressed budgets, that they'd love to see that money go into the classroom rather than off to the utility, the ability to have a low cost simple to implement solution that helps reduce the utility bills of any of these kinds of organizations, really is going to speed the adoption throughout the community, not just in the biggest, richest buildings. But through the just transition, we all want to see the electricity transition or the energy transition support.

 

Sean McMahon  27:25

So John, as someone who's been on the front lines of the development of cutting edge energy technology for quite a while. Do you have any bold predictions about what smart building technology will look like and say, five or 10 years?

 

John Powers  27:35

Yeah, I think the smart building world and the smart grid world are kind of coming together. And while some of this technology has been available for a while in sort of big, rich buildings, think back to when cell phones were only available to rich people with their car phones, and how things changed. As we all got smartphones in our pockets, I think you're gonna see things that were only available to the biggest richest buildings become way more democratized and distributed to every small to medium building on the grid. I think that's going to really expand the number of applications that I talked about earlier that are available to everyone on the grid from perspective of energy savings, demand, charge savings, but also direct participation and load flexibility markets, like we talked about with CalFlexHub. So I think the change is going to be pretty quick and pretty extreme compared to the cell phone transition. And I think it's going to really help the customers save money and the grid to clean up and electrify everything.

 

Sean McMahon  28:48

Well, that certainly sounds like a promising and positive prediction there, John, so I appreciate it. And I really appreciate your time today. I've enjoyed a conversation and I know our listeners will too. Thank you. 


John Powers

Thanks, Sean. 


Sean McMahon

Well, that's our show for today. But before we get out of here, I just want to say a quick thank you to the exclusive sponsor of today's episode, Emerson. 

If you like this podcast, please share with your friends and colleagues. And be sure to follow us on Apple, Google, Spotify, or wherever you get your podcasts. You can also follow us on Twitter, where our handle is @RenewablesPod. And if you'd like a daily dose of renewable news delivered to your inbox, head to SmartBrief.com and sign up for the Renewable Energy SmartBrief. The Renewable Energy SmartPod is a production of SmartBrief - a Future company



What is load flexibility
Why is load flexibility important for the grid of the future
What is the mission of CalFlexHub?
What kinds of technologies is CalFlexHub developing?
How does the work of CalFlexHub mesh with the build out of renewables?
How does smart building technology impact power pricing?
Do EV charging stations complicate load flexibility?
Intermittent power generation and smart buildings
The role of smart building technology in ESG reporting
Which industries or regions are seeing the most demand for smart building technology?
How does smart building technology factor into a "Just Transition" for energy
Bold prediction: Adoption of smart building tech will resemble mobile phones