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welcome to battle ground history, episode 18, Caligula versus Szeto issue. We're back to the villains bracket today with two people who were the epitome of the word evil one, the former Roman emperor, part of the Judeo Claudia and Dynasty Caligula, and the other commander of the infamous unit 7:31 during World War II general Szeto. Whenever we had into this bracket, it takes a bit of, you might call intestinal fortitude to research the history of some of these people, and today's episode is no different. In fact, Shiro Ishii was particularly hard as his crimes against humanity. We're somewhat unbelievable and the fact that he was not prosecuted for them is even harder to stomach. Our first contestant is pretty well known to the world, Emperor Caligula. His name at birth was Gaius Julius Caesar, Germanic, as he was born, the son of the popular realm in general. Dramatics born on August 30, first 12, add and Anzio Italy than known as NTM. His mother egret Pina. The elder was a powerful woman in her own right. They belong to the most distinguished family in Rome. Julio Claudine's the name Caligula was a nickname which is Latin for little boots. He received the monitor when he was a young boy out on campaign with his father where he was dressed up in uniform with the boots when he became emperor. It would have been widespread and not to call him by his nickname if you want it to live another day when the great augustus died and 14 has air was tight, various, a somewhat certainly an unpopular choice, dramatic. It was considered a rival, so the new emperor sent them off on another military campaign where he suddenly died. The historian [inaudible] writes that Germanic is was poisoned in Syria, but many believed that was kind of unlikely, Agra Pina past rumors that type various had something to do with his death, which led the emperor to imprison her on an island where she was starved to death. The same fate came to one of [inaudible] brothers. While the other committed suicide. The surviving young boy spent some time with his great grandmother Livia until he was summoned in 31 to live with type barrier on the island of Capri. He had a deep hatred for the emperor, had to suppress it, which some say causes mental imbalance type to have set of the now young man quote, I am nursing a viper for the Roman people for six years, collegial live like this until Tiberias died in 37, some claim that the young man was actually smuggler had actually smothered the emperor with a pillow which is possible, but again unlikely. Caligula was quickly named emperor by the Roman Senate. There was great jubilation and Rome is. Tiberius was pretty much despised and they saw the young man as a breath of fresh air, which was the case in the first six months. The new emperor freed people who had been unjustly imprisoned by Tiberius and rescinded an unpopular tax. Another favorite thing that Caligula staged was chariot races in gladiatorial events. He also gave bonuses to the army around the city, especially the Praetorian guard. Then in October, something went terribly wrong if he felt severely ill or some have claimed he was poisoned. When he recovered, he was not the man who he was before. Curriculum went on a murderous rampage, especially against friends and family early on, he had his cousin Tiberias, skinless, executed as he viewed him and rightfully so as a threat to his power. Then his and his cousins mutual grandmother, Antonio Minor is likely to have been poisoned, followed by his father in law, Marcus Junius Salinas and his brother in law and Marcus Lapidus were both executed. Interestingly, he spirit, his uncle Claudius is he viewed them as a buffoon and someone who could make fun of without worrying about reprisal. The people of Rome were still pretty happy with the way things were going despite all these executions because of the game is being held, taxes being lowered, property being returned to some who had their land taken under type various. There were rumblings about the high number of executions that were going on without a trial, but most of the regular people didn't mind, but it disturbed many Romans, especially the upper class problems really began to come out to the forefront with the financial crisis of 38 and 39. With all of his giveaways. Calendula severely strained the treasury. We have Rome. Taxes were raised, wealthy people were accused of crimes they didn't commit, and then they have their property taken by the emperor, compounding things. A famine broke out in the city which further demoralize the people. Caligula by this time began to see conspiracies behind every corner, especially from the Senate. He had numerous men from the ruling class executed. Some of them were involved in plots against them, but many were not. Has Madness was increasing by the day within proclaiming himself a living God to be worshiped by the people and especially the Senate. He wanted them to call him neil's Heleo os or the new sun. Caligula was undoubtedly full of himself. The next accusations against the emperor was a sexual deviant, especially incest. He was supposedly having affairs with his three sisters, Agra Pina. The younger Drusilla Lavilla that in his threat to make his horse in Tatis, a senator, maybe the Romans concerned about his sanity. I want to warn you here, we do have to take much of these accusations with a grain of salt. Many of the accusers were contemporaries and may have embellished the stories, whatever the truth is, by 48, Caligula was pretty much hated by just about everyone. When he threatened to move the capital, the empire from Rome to Alexandria in Egypt, it pushed his enemies over the top. The problem for the assassins was the emperor's Germanic guard. When they figured out how to separate the two, the plan was hatched by members of the Praetorian guard and the Senate on neither January 22nd or the 24th, 41 80, and we have conflicting dates in the records and protocol regular was stabbed to death some 30 times similar to his ancestor Julius Caesar. Now to go into the putting it into perspective segment. During the rule of Calendula, St Peter founded the Church of Antioch. Saul of Tarsus converts to Christianity becoming St Paul and the dramatic quad eyes settled into present day Moravia and Slovakia. Now's the time to move on to the Japanese microbiologist general and director of unit seven slash 31. She had Oishi. When doing my research, I came across two ways of representing his name. People like Sheldon Harris, who wrote the book factories of death as well as Gregory Dean Bird when his phd thesis on the Man Call Them Egg Shadow. I'm going to go with Shit Oishi. It's kind of the Americanized version of that, so born on June 25th, 18, 92 and shipped by Yaba Chiba Japan to a wealthy family who ruled over the area like feudal lords, shadow issues, interesting is we really don't know very much about his early years, but it is likely because of his wealth of his family that he had an excellent education and he was also an imposing figure, some six feet tall, which is really significantly taller than the average. See a Japanese man at the time. It said that she had a photographic memory which didn't well in school, although he was generally despised by his fellow students while studying medicine at the Kyoto Imperial University. He said to have used other students equipment after hours. It didn't clean up each. He received his phd in microbiology at the age of 35 and 19, 27. Nineteen 27 is an important year in issues life as it was here that he read an article about the Geneva Convention signed in 1925. While the Japanese signed the treaty, their diet, the version of Congress did not ratify it. The item that stuck out to Shiro was the ban on biological warfare, the fact that his country was not bound to it made him believe that he was destined to study the field. He began to develop theoretical models of the use of biological weapons which impressed members of the military be. She also viewed prisoners of war is somehow subhuman as no honorable Japanese soldier would ever surrender. The Japanese military shared this belief as was evidenced by the treatment of POW during World War II. The death rate in the Japanese prisoner of war camps was 27 percent by comparison. Those held by the Germans and Italians had a four percent death rate when the Japanese attacked China in 1931 using a staged event called the Manchurian incident. He, she was given a population with which to practice has gruesome experiments. Now general shadow issue, he was the head of a group called unit 7:31. In researching this episode, I came upon a number of sources about esg to stay to say that it's the most disturbing thing I've ever read is an understatement. Mind you, I've researched the Holocaust and how depraved man can be, but what the Japanese people did to the people of Asia is of a level of evil, unprecedented in human history. Unit seven, 31 had a fortress known as Zhang Ma in the south as how gold puts it in his book. Unit 7:31 testimony, quote, the ever dependable and expanding south materia railway provided a means of transporting equipment and more importantly, human lab materials. He further writes, quote, the life expectancy of prisoners at the fortress was a maximum of one month each. He viewed the people who we would experiment on a purely lab materials, nothing more. When you denigrate people and call them animals or the Japanese called their victims, my rota or logs or was the Nazis called Jews. Vermin lower their status as humans and allow for these kind of barbaric treatment for that feeling. Sorry about it. When I started the podcast, I told you a while, I couldn't tell you how the people felt in their time. I would try to give you a sense of what they felt. I'll share with you one incidents from a phd thesis I found online written by Gregory Dean bird describing one experiment conducted by eeg and as men of unit 7:31, I must warn you beforehand, it is graphic and profoundly disturbing quote to determine the treatment of frostbite. Prisoners were taken outside in freezing weather and left with exposed arms periodically drenched with water until frozen solid. The arm was later amputated. The doctor would repeat the process on the victors victims upper arm to the shoulder. After both arms were gone, the doctor's moved onto the legs until only a head and torso remained. The victim was then used for plague and pathogens. Experiments as bad as that seemed, there were far worse tortures and experiments conducted by issue than this one. I cannot in good conscious repeat them and as they're just really too disturbing, but if you're interested in learning more, you can go to wikipedia. I know bad source of times, but if you search for sure issue, go to the references and the first one is the dissertation paper by Gregory Dean Bird, which is chock full of details about this truly evil man. What is absolutely staggering is that post World War II, she was granted immunity from prosecution by General Macarthur and the war crimes tribunal. They wanted to find out what the Japanese learned from their experiments that unit 7:31, and they did not want the Soviets to find out they were conflicting stories of how much he shared with the allies, but we have evidence that it was pretty extensive after the war in order to protect himself elaborate death. Rituals are performed, promote the myth that issue had been shot in China. According to Sheldon Harris, quote, adding color to an otherwise commonplace announcement. Village elders and issues homebase collaborated with the lieutenant general on 10th, 10, November 1945 by issuing a proclamation declaring him dead. They even staged an elaborate funeral on his behalf, complete with mortars, priests, burned incense and purse, or the departed soul. The American intelligence operatives were not fooled and they found them in January of 1946. Interestingly, he was not arrested only to may stay in as a Tokyo home. Shortly thereafter, he was interrogated along with 25 others for seven weeks. She had an issue with live out his life in Japan, in relative obscurity after the war, dying of throat cancer in 1959 at the age of 67. The Japanese government has to this day continue to deny the activities of this heinous monster. Now onto the scoring for the first 15 points on how long the contestant we're evil a issue wins this one kind of easily. Caligula was the emperor of the Roman Empire for three years and 10 months with all but six of them months being deprived. Eeg with the monster. He was from 1927 until the end of world war two in 1945 for a total of 18 years. She had, oh, 15 caligula five. Next up for 20 points. How they affected the rest of the world in their time isn't a hard one to judge his curricula involved in expanding his empire both westward and eastward. Well torture and experimentation of the peoples of China were extensive. For this reason, I give them both the full allotment of points. Next step, they're lasting effect on world history. Caligula is the poster boy for what an evil and depraved despotic ruler is. He. She is far less known so his impact is not as significant. Twenty five points to calendula and 15 to now for the big score of how bad or evil they were to the people they control. In my mind, there's no one that I've ever come across. It was much easier than egg. He gets the full 40 points more if the rules would have allowed. Caligula was a sadistic and evil bastard as well as but not on the same level as his opponent. Forty points to shadow issue with 35 going to come up with a score of 90 to 85. The Japanese general moves onto faces. Second round opponent. Ivan, the terrible. Well hope you enjoyed today's podcast. Join me next week as we debate the contestants in the leader's bracket, the first one, the American president, Franklin Delanor Roosevelt, and he faces against off against the French sun, King Louis the 14th. Please don't forget to review the podcast if you haven't already joined the growing [email protected]dhistory.com, where I'm going to be posting every week, the script for the episode so you can read it, share it with people that might be hard of hearing, or if you'd like to just read about it, learn more. Go there. So until next time, remember, we're not the makers of history. We are history.