Battle Ground History

Episode 22 - The Battles of Gaixia versus Manzikert

September 23, 2018 Season 1 Episode 22
Battle Ground History
Episode 22 - The Battles of Gaixia versus Manzikert
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Battle Ground History
Episode 22 - The Battles of Gaixia versus Manzikert
Sep 23, 2018 Season 1 Episode 22
Mark Schauss
The Battle of Gaixia faces off today against the Battle of Manzikert.
Show Notes Transcript
The Battle of Gaixia helped found the Han Dynasty of China while the Battle of Manzikert helped accelerate the decline of the Byzantine Empire. Find out who moves on to the second round to face the Battle of Platea.
Speaker 1:
0:00
Yeah,
Speaker 2:
0:16
welcome to battleground history, episode 22, the battles of guide sia versus man's occurred. Today we head over to the battles bracket. We will be discussing two important clashes in world history with the first being the battle Dexia, which helped found the Han Dynasty of ancient China and the battle of Man's occurred, which was fought between the Seljuk in Byzantine Empire, which fatally weakened the ladder fought in 200 BC. The battle was fought between the forces of you, Bang the king of Han and Jan, you king of the shoe. If you remember in episode seven when we discussed Kenny Sheet Huangdi, who united China until his death in 2:10 BC, which caused things to unravel for the next four years. The subject states began to fight for the remains of the empire until there were only two left. The Han and the true new bang of the Han was initially a minor patrol officer in the Qing Dynasty, but with one ds death, he decided to switch sides and became an antiquing rebel.
Speaker 2:
1:31
One of his rivals in the anticline movement was Zhang Yu, who is the overall head of the rebel forces. The Qin Empire was split into something known as the 18 kingdoms created by January. He gave you bang a region, and the southwest known as Han, which included Sichuan Shaun King and southern Shanghai. The areas one of the least productive at the time, which you bang viewed as an insult. The tension between the two men led to Zhang glue holding new bags, father and wife hostage, but in the end we agreed to a peace treaty. The truth be known as the Treaty of Hong Gate or Hong Canal was, but a ruse engineered by Honjin, another military general who sided with the Ubank Honjin orchestrated a series of ambushes against the two armies over and over again, forcing them into a Kenyan at Geico. The reason for this was to use the choose vastly larger army against itself by putting it into a narrow and tight battlefield.
Speaker 2:
2:39
This could be considered kind of another Kanye, which is where the Roman army was smashed by the Carthaginian Jenny, led by Hannibal Barca, will meet Hannibal in episode 80 when he faces off against Joan of arc to further move the trap forward. When amgen lose favorite concerts when you. She was captured by the army hydrogen than place during the valley near Gag Sia to entice the or me to save her. Jen loon certainly knew this was a risky place to fight, but he felt that his numerically superior to army was up to the task. Here's where history starts getting a bit fuzzy. It is supposed that the army was numbered about 100,000 men, Han's hovering actually to six or 700,000. So in reality, the Hahn's where the bigger force, but other historical records suggest that the opposite was true. Well, actually who do we believe, and this is where we begin to get into legend and storytelling.
Speaker 2:
3:45
When we get into the battle of Geico, Sia, supposedly hydrogen started an attack known as the quote ambush from Ken sites. The attack, while devastating to the shoe, wasn't near enough to claim victory. Jen, you had saved his concert. Ugi and his men had fought bravely, but he felt that the end of might be near. Then the Han soldiers began to sing songs native to the true. This caused the soldiers to yearn for home and slowly but surely they started to abandon their leader and headed home. The reason I mentioned storytelling is that our old tail tellers are friend Sema can from the old. She hung the episode who we know stretches the truth a little bit. He tells us that the concert usually committed suicide is the armies of the Han. Begin to circle the true John. You've buried his love that morning and escape the canyon.
Speaker 2:
4:46
I like Sia only to be called soon after that, committing suicide when he was about to be captured. The aftermath of the battle of Gag Sia was the start of the Han dynasty, which was to rule unify China for the next 400 plus years. You Bang was to be named Emperor Gazoo and he would rule for four years. The Han Dynasty is considered one of the greatest Chinese dynasties all time, quickly have to taking control of China. You Bang Jealous and somewhat scared of Han Jin had him and other powerful generals executed to solidify his authority. Now to turn to our putting it into perspective segment of the podcast and the years surrounding the battle of Gag Sia. Hannibal's armies fight against the Romans, the parthians fight the cell. You said, empire. The Spanish city of Seville is founded by the Roman General Skipio, the battle of Zama, which we will hear about in episode 50.
Speaker 2:
5:47
Two, is thought leading to the end of the second punic war. Now onto the battle of men's occurred. The clash between the forces of the byzantines and the Seljuk empire wasn't a huge fight. In fact, it's estimated that only about 80,000 men were there, which is small when you're talking of decisive battles. What happened? There was a mental death blow to the successor of the Roman Empire, and the ramifications of this outcome would accelerate the eventual full of constantinople. In event, we'll discuss next episode and we're given the author of the seminal work known as the rise and fall of the Roman empire. Said this about the battle the Byzantine writers deplore the loss of an estimable Pearl. They forget to mention that in this fatal day, the Asiatic provinces of Rome were in reversibly, sacrificed the battle of man's occurred, was fought between the forces of Byzantine, led by the Emperor Romanos.
Speaker 2:
6:50
The fourth dog knees against the Seljuq army led bike out are slam. They both had an equal number of men, though the Byzantines, while still a formidable force, we're not the army of the past. Their previous emperors constantly the ninth and 10th, we're incompetent and let their armies decay during their rooms. The soldiers on the other hand became more and more formidable making them a power to be reckoned with. Now the Greeks relied on the military manuals like this strategic con and Tessie to guide their genitals, but as pointed out in the book, 100 decisive battles by Paul Kay Davis, quote, the Sturdy Edmontonian peasant upon which the empire long dependent for its soldier, he was no longer providing the core of their army. He further goes on to write only the lack of an organized rival kept the Byzantine army. The premier force of the time and the tenuous nature of the forces composition meant that it could not really stand to be seriously challenged or poorly commanded.
Speaker 2:
7:58
Some of you might wonder where Anatoly is located. It's basically the Asian part of Turkey with some extra land in Armenia. It was one of the great recruiting grounds for the Romans and their successor state, the Byzantine Empire. This is one of the main reasons that the battle of men's occurred is so crucial as it was fought in the mainly Christian Greek speaking territory event, Anatolia leading up to the battle. We need to look at the makeup of the Byzantine army in particular. They had about 40,000 men with only about 5,000 of them, really professional troops. The rest included some frankish and norman mercenaries along with Bulgarian Turkic, Jordan, Jordan, and Armenian men. There were some of the Ranjan Guard, most feud of their troops along for the ride, but not many. The reason I mentioned this is because the loyalty, some of the men would come into question when push came to shove to top things off, Emperor Romanos thinking his troops superior to his enemy, split his forces as they headed to Lake van with the goal of retaking the fortress at mannes occurred.
Speaker 2:
9:10
This was a direct violation of the peace treaty signed with a seljuks. Their leader, Alp Arslan, was on his way to Egypt to take care of revolt, but when he heard of the Byzantine deception, he turned back and took his entire army of $40,000 with them as they knew what each other are. Arsalan offered a peace treaty once again as he knew that one part of the split army of Romanos had been defeated at a battle, a battle. We have no name for it other than that suggested that no fight occurred with General Joseph. Touch a notice fleeing from the Seljuq army, whatever the reason for the 20,000 men not being available to the byzantines that we're now at half strength. The subtle jokes were nomadic people, so their strength was in there cavalry, which they used in kind of a hit and run strategy during the battle.
Speaker 2:
10:03
The Turkish mercenaries bailed out early, as did many other units of the Byzantine army. Those who were not captured or killed, ran away back to their homes throughout the empire. Emperor Montessori was actually taken prisoner, but he was eventually released after ransom was agreed upon. When he returned to Constantinople, Romanos knew he was in trouble. His rivals the duke. His family defeated him in battle three times. They sent them into exile where he died of an infection after is blinded. A typical penalty in those times. The aftermath of the battle of man's occurred was not the decisive fight that some historians claim, but it was a clash that set the wheels in motion to severely crippled the Byzantine Empire. First off, the ensuing civil war damage them, but more importantly, they lost their major recruiting center in Anatolia. That region began to convert from a Christian Greek region to an Islamic Turkic.
Speaker 2:
11:03
One slowly and 1453 in the fall of Constantinople and event will be interestingly enough. Be covered. Next episode will the culmination of events that can be traced to the battle of man's occurred now for a second, putting it into perspective segment. At the time of the battle, Canterbury Cathedral is rebuilt following a fire. The normans conquered. Cecily William the conqueror invaded Scotland, so you have to slug the second begins his reign as the head of Kiev in Reus and Omar Kayam of Persia computes the most accurate length of a year to date. Let's begin our scoring between these two and for influential battles. Firstly, at 15 points to give out for the number of people involved in the fights, Banksia wins by a landslide. It was an estimated half million people there. Well Mansa Kurt's armies totaled about $80,000 combined. 15 for the Chinese contest with five going to the opponent. Next up is 20 points of how the battle affected the rest of the world at the time.
Speaker 2:
12:10
Can I see a really only changed China with minimal effect in the near or far term on man's occurrence outcome reverberated throughout the western Asiatic region and Europe. Twenty demands occurred. Eight to Garcia. Twenty five points now need to be doled out based on the effect on world history. The same argument that we made on the last point giveaway the works here. Twenty five to man's occurred, 15 to Geico. The big price of course is how the battle affected their country for the better at that time, for the Byzantines who was a minor disaster for the seljuks, a significant victory. It's set into motion to decay and eventual destruction of the Byzantine Empire. For the Chinese, the battle of [inaudible] led to a 400 year reign of the Han Dynasty, which is considered a golden age of Chinese history. To these reasons, Dexia gets the full 40 with man's occurred getting 25.
Speaker 2:
13:09
This was a seesaw contest, but the numbers tell us that axiom moves on to the second round with 88 points will face off against pelletier. Well, I hope you enjoyed today's episode. Join me next time when we covered two major events in human history, the fall of Constantinople against the Cold War. Please, I'm asking you, here is a favorite review. The podcast is. This is the best way to help get the word out about battle ground history, good or bad. It all helps. Don't forget that I'll be uploading today's script@battlegroundhistory.com. So as always, remember, we're not the makers of history. We are history.