Battle Ground History

Episode 25 - Otto the Great versus Trajan

October 14, 2018 Season 1 Episode 25
Battle Ground History
Episode 25 - Otto the Great versus Trajan
Chapters
Battle Ground History
Episode 25 - Otto the Great versus Trajan
Oct 14, 2018 Season 1 Episode 25
Mark Schauss
Holy Roman Emperor Otto the Great faces off against Roman Emperor Trajan
Show Notes Transcript

Otto the Great, one of the great leaders of the Holy Roman Empire faces off against the predecessor Roman Empire ruler at its apex, Trajan. Find out who makes it the the second round in this heavyweight battle.

Speaker 1:
0:05
Yeah,
Speaker 2:
0:16
welcome to battleground history, episode 25 auto, the great versus Trajan. Today's episode pits the Holy Roman Emperor Otto the first also known to history as Otto the great versus the Roman emperor who ruled over his empire at its apex. Trajan born on November 23rd nine slash 12 to henry the fowler, the Duke of Saxony, and the king of East Franzia and Matilda of wrinkle. Haim auto was the eldest male of five children. His mother was venerated in canonized in both the eastern Orthodox as well as the Roman Catholic church. Matilda was Henry's second wife. His first gave birth to autos half brother. Thank more autos. Mother gave birth to four other children, Bruno Henry Ger, Burga, and Hedwig. Hedwig was to give birth to Hugh Kip. Hey, the future king of France. The copays would rule France from 1987 until 1328. One Henry became the king of East Franzia and the Duke of Franconia with the death of his father Conrad.
Speaker 2:
1:26
The first. There was a bit of a scuffle between other claimants. One of the reasons was that Henry was a Saxon and not a frank. The traditional ruler, he would seen the ugly was always the case during these times when faculty from the others with winds and many battles. Here's where we have another break with tradition. The carolingian tradition was to split the kingdom amongst the male children. Henry decided otherwise and named Otto is sole heir. This was to bring a bit of anonymity from thank more auto, his half brother as well as his full brother Henry. When the elder Henry died in nine slash 36 cracks in the family unity began to show by that time most of the Germanic people were unified. This was not to last. Very Long. Auto though would not allow the work that his father did go to waste.
Speaker 2:
2:20
He laid waste to the dukes in the area who posed his rule. Some were killed. Others say that it would be in their interest to give way to auto. As he was a brilliant military leader starting at 9:40, one auto decided to consolidate more power in his hands at the time the Dukes of the area now known as Germany were consulted before any decisions were made, auto would have none of that and began to make sweeping changes to things like the way dynastic succession was determined. His father believed in more democratic manner of governance. Auto believer in an authoritarian method of rule. The way he accomplished his control over his lands was to ritually award those who sided with him and punish those who opposed him contrary to many who believed in harsh punishment, auto favorite, the threat of an extreme sentence, but with a promise of leniency if they swore allegiance to him and his authority.
Speaker 2:
3:22
This plan of action was to be as winning gambit. Now, having said that, there were many rebellions by the peasant class. Those were deaf, dealt with swiftly and with a deadly outcome. Another way to gain loyalty and allies through marriage and relationships with the churches. Note that I used a multiple and talking about the Christian church at the time. There was talk of a schism between the Orthodox church based in Constantinople and the Roman Catholic Church based in Rome. The byzantines in Constantinople were the powerhouse in the world during his time with the church in Rome, had a large number of followers, especially in the lands rule by auto. One of his sons, William, became the Archbishop of mines, autos daughter Luda. Guard became the duchess little rain starting this alien dynasty ruled the Roman Holy Roman Empire from 10, 27 until 1125 auto. The second, his youngest son would become the holy Roman emperor from nine slash 73 to nine slash 80.
Speaker 2:
4:29
His death at the age of 28 would evoke a political crisis in the empire auto focused. His relationships with the Byzantines, especially with their leader, Emperor Constantine, the seventh poor of neurogenesis. There were also a number of military threats all around the region he controlled, but Otto was able to handle them all. This cuddling up, you might say with the Orthodox following, Romans began to alienate him from the Catholics alone with his invasions of Italy. Auto definitely handled the tensions. It was able to work his way out of a tough situation. Then came the civil war with his son Ludo off the Duke of Shavia. What precipitated the conflict was the death of noodle smother. It gets of England in 1946 auto. His first wife and the marriage of a dear old dad to his second wife, Adeline of Italy, and 9:50. One bluedoff wanted Italy for himself initially was victorious on the battlefield against those set by auto, but he died in 1957 to fever in 1962 auto was named the Holy Roman emperor.
Speaker 2:
5:40
Something revived the by our friend Charlemagne and 800 who will meet in episode 79 when he faces off against Ramses the second. He was a natural to ascend to the throne as he was the great, great, great grandson of Louis. The first also known as Louis the pious. The son of Charlemagne after his ascension auto begin to have problems with the papacy. He basically had to lay siege to Italy and eventually placed himself personally and Rome auto force the church to accept his man, Leo the eighth become pope ousting. Benedict the fifth in Byzantium, the began to view auto as a significant threat. Their current emperor like a forest focus believed himself. The rightful ruler of Italy and not auto focus, though is overthrown and murdered by the new Byzantine Emperor. John Submissiveness. Negotiations between the two sides began after world and with a deal agreed upon.
Speaker 2:
6:40
Whereas Theo phonto nice if Smith married the holy Roman emperor, son, future auto, the second in nine 72, the following year, 1973 returning into his beloved Germany. Otto became seriously ill, dying on May seventh as the most powerful man in all of Europe, the first since Charlemagne over 100 years earlier his planets this session to auto. The second went without a hitch that is an excellent testament to the man known as auto. The great as few powerful and influential men like him succeeded in handing over power to a child as well as he did now for putting it into perspective segment during autos, rain the lighthouse of Alexandria, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world as damaged by an earthquake. Olga of Kiev, ruler of key and Reus converts to Orthodoxy. The Song Dynasty is established in China were rule for over 300 years and cloves, ginger and black pepper. Our first made available to a marketing mindset which signifies trade between the Christian and Muslim world.
Speaker 2:
7:54
The Roman Emperor Trajan ruled over his empire when it was at its apex in size and power. Born on September 18th, 53, add in what is now Spain is marcus ops train us to a noble woman and a Roman senator. His father who had the same name. I had a very distinguished military and civil career. He was the governor of Syria, commanded the 10th legion for tencis during the Jewish quarter, 67 to 68, and the senior train was both governor of the Spanish province of bacteria and western Asia Minor. Of course, having such a successful father didn't hurt the young man after campaigning with him in the seventies. The future emperor would be given his own legion, the seventh Germania based out of northern Spain. He would help the then emperor Domitian, quell rebellion, which put them in the rulers favor. This could have been very bad for his career. His domitian would be assassinated in [inaudible] 96 because many were worn out for the four years of terror that had engulfed Rome.
Speaker 2:
9:01
The reason why this had little to no effect was Domitian was actually well liked by the army when Nirvana was called upon to replace the fallen emperor. He was already an old man by ancient Roman standards. He was 66 and it come from the administrative side of Rome, not from the military. Rome was in a frenzy of destruction and retribution. Statues and paintings of Domitian were being destroyed and it's informers and some aides were executed. Things were getting quickly out of control and Nirvana was unable to do anything about it. The praetorian guard was an open revolt, not against Nerva, but against a few of Domitian supporters who were still alive. There are two stories about what happened. Then the first one is that nerve decided to adopt the popular General Trajan, and the second is that it was forced upon them by the military.
Speaker 2:
9:55
I'm going with the ladder it. It said that the future Emperor Hadrian was the one who told Trajan of his adoption as he was off of the appointed governor of our upper Germany when Nerva died on January 28th, 98, you would think that Trajan would like head off speedily towards Rome, really didn't. As a matter of fact, he took his sweet old time touring the Danube frontier as it was one of the most stable regions in the empire. He was assured that his place in Rome was safe, as he had many allies. They're likely old friends of his fathers as well as an own buddies. He finally made it to Rome during the summer of [inaudible] 99. He did so to a triumphant parade. Unlike some of his predecessors, he entered the city on foot, mingled with people shaking hands with the senators. This brilliant show of humility was a way of building a consensus through graciousness and adherence to traditions while feigning sharing the rule over Rome with the Senate.
Speaker 2:
10:58
He had no way gave away any of his power. Trajan was emperor. What do you want? He wanted good relations with those around him, less they get rid of them like they did Caligula Nero and just a few years earlier to mission and his early years as Emperor Trajan gave money to the people, help the poor beginning ambitious building campaign and held lots of games. This made him immensely popular, but it wasn't flawless. While his wife was oftentimes biocide, Trajan did fancy his young boys. What we do know of this is that he did treat the young children well, never harming them. He was also not a heavy drinker, if at all, which would prevent him from making bad judgments. While a master politician which set trajan apart was his excellent generalship, Rome was of course a warring nation. It needed conquest with the riches that had bought along with the slaves that would help fuel economy.
Speaker 2:
11:59
Trajan was set out during his 19 year reign to fight in three major wars. The first two against the powerful enemy to the East Dacia. Dacia is a ancient land, mostly north of the Danube River with the Black Sea to its east, the Carpathian mountains, dissect the country. It was also a rich land that the Romans lusted after between one on one D in One, oh, six trades led his men against the nation army destroying their capital Sar, Ms Dot Guthrie was a hunting down their king to ballasts who committed suicide to avert capture after the victory was celebrated with the construction of Trajan column, which you can still see in Rome today. The wealth that was captured from Geisha was immense. To celebrate the win is written about in the book the chronic of the Roman emperors by Chris Scare on returning from the war, Trajan celebrated another triumph and mounted an extravagance series of public games in which 10,000 gladiators fought an 11,000 animals killed.
Speaker 2:
13:07
He also devoted some of the best booty. He had one to public works, including a new harbor of Ostia, the port of Rome, and the construction of his own forum and market. Can you feel the hustle and bustle of the city and the people must have felt you fork? Well, almost everyone, certainly not the slugs in the gladiators between one. Oh, seven, two, one. 13 is generally at peace. By this time, Rome was a dominant power in the world, so much so that an ambassador from India, King [inaudible] court by 1:10, Rome had over 47,000 miles or 75,000 kilometers of roads built, but there was trouble brewing in the east from an old enemy of Rome, Parthenia, while still a mighty empire. Partha was in decline, but they were always causing trouble for Rome by placing handpick rulers in places like Armenia, which was a buffer kingdom between Roman Parthenia Trajan could not have this.
Speaker 2:
14:08
So in 1114, he set off the teacher's enemy lesson and the lesson he would give them over the next three years, Trajan lead armies would crush the Parthians, conquering all of Mesopotamia, including the Parthian capital of Tessa. Fun. This would be the apex of the Roman Empire. Towards the end of the campaign and 11, 17 Trajan fell ill. He would come down with a mysterious circulatory disorder, which Trajan believed was caused by poisoning whatever the cause. He died on August eighth, 11, 17. And what is now southern Turkey. He was 63 years old. Before we move on, I want to talk about the succession of Hadrian. It is said that on his deathbed, Trajan and adopted Hadrian, which made them as natural successor problem is the paperwork which was sent to the Senate, was signed by his wife, Platina. There is a doubt that Trajan had ever spoken about the adoption and then his wife planned it to protect yourself in the future.
Speaker 2:
15:17
Would Hadrian did, while heading back to Rome, was to give up much of the Land Trajan had just conquered all the way back to one, two. Now onto our putting it into perspective segment. During [inaudible] reign, t tests tested. As completes his work, Germania lions become extinct in the Balkans. The Gospel of John was written. The Christian church declares itself to be universal or Catholic, and pope six, this the first because the seventh pope now onto our scoring of the two great leaders of the world. Out of the Great Emperor Trajan. The first 15 points go to the one with the longest reign. Auto began his time, his ruler of his people in nine, 62, ending in nine 73 for a total of 11 years. Trajan as we know, ruled for Nineteen 15 points to the Roman 12 for the German. Next up is the 20 points and how they affected the rest of the world in their time.
Speaker 2:
16:17
This one is a tough one to score well, yes. The Roman Empire by now is massive and it's effect was felt all the way to India. The growing home, holy Roman empire was no slouch either. I don't profoundly influenced the dominant Roman Catholic church as well as sending off daughters and sons to marry other royal houses. He did also start the Ottonian dynasty, which would last 100 years. Trajan stabilized Rome after the disaster of Domitian and heralded the era of the five good emperors, which would last for 84 years until the death of markets are religious, who we will see in episode 36 after some serious internal debate. I'm giving a slight edge to Trajan, giving him the 20 points in auto, getting respectable. 18. Next up is the lasting effect on world history to the German peoples. They would pick out a, of course for most of the other parts of the world.
Speaker 2:
17:15
Trajan would be the man, partly because he was the ruler of the largest empire in the world at the time. Trajan is better known and influential. He was also a very adept leader and brought stability to his empire auto, helped create a sense of the dramatic people and begin the holy Roman empire, something that would last for a thousand years longer than the Roman empire. It was named after. It wasn't until Napoleon that auto, his country was dissolved for these reasons. Declaring a tie here, giving Boltzmann full 20 points. We're now down to the big prize of 40 points for how they effected their country for the better. This one's another tossup. Start a country that lasts for a thousand years or stabilize and grow the empire to its largest extent. Which one do you give the greater credence to? Again, I'm torn. The tipping point to me is something that has been suggested by other historians.
Speaker 2:
18:14
If trajan had not stepped in and made things right with the backing of both the Senate and the army role may have fallen into yet another civil war which could have torn the empire apart. For this reason, I'm getting traded in the full 40 with auto receiving 37. The final score is out of the great 92 emperor Trajan the full 100 points, which means the Roman leader heads to the second round to face. This is interesting, the winter between Marcus Aurelius, the last of the five good Roman emperors and the 10th Ottoman Sultan, Suleiman the magnificent. Well, I hope you enjoyed today's podcast as much as I didn't researching and writing it, join me next time when we head out to the military bracket, we'll meet two contestants, the first Norman King of England, William the conqueror, and the Japanese commander in chief of the combined fleet during World War II. He says, Rocco Yamamoto, can I ask you again? I need your help. We're still way behind the number of reviews necessary to make this podcast a real success. Please head over to your podcast or especially if you use itunes and give me a review. Would really help and ensure the continuation continuation of the podcast for years to come. Thanks in advance. So as always, remember we are not the makers of history. We are history.