Faith is a living, daring confidence in God's grace, so sure and certain that a man could stake his life on it a thousand times. Martin Luther
Luke 15:11-32 (The Parable of the Prodigal Son)
15:12 give me … property … coming to me. The younger son does not want to wait for his father’s death to receive his inheritance. He was probably a teenager, since he was unmarried.
15:13 Gathered all indicates that the son converted into cash all of his inheritance, which may have included land or cattle, which he then foolishly squandered … in reckless living.
15:15 In desperation the son hired himself out to a Gentile to feed pigs (unclean animals; Lev. 11:7; Deut. 14:8) that would have been repugnant to him.
15:17–18 When the son came to himself he realized that his sin was not only against his earthly father but in the deepest sense against heaven, that is, against God himself.
15:20 A long way off emphasizes the father’s great love; he must have been watching for the son. ran. The father cast aside all behavioral conventions of the time, as running was considered to be undignified for an older person, especially a wealthy landowner such as this man. embraced him. Literally “fell on his neck”; cf. Gen. 33:4; 45:14; 46:29.
15:21 The prodigal repeats his prepared speech (cf. vv. 18–19), but the father cuts him short before he finishes, showing that he has forgiven him.
15:24 The son was (assumed to be) dead, but is now alive (united with the family) again: a picture of membership in God’s kingdom.
15:29 but he answered his father. The picture offers a sharp contrast between, on one hand, the mercy and grace extended by the father (representing God the Father) and, on the other hand, the self-righteous resentment (never disobeyed … yet you never gave me) of the older brother (exemplified by the Pharisees).
15:31 Son. An affectionate appeal by the father, showing that he still loved the older son and wanted him to join in the celebration. By implication, Jesus is still inviting the Pharisees to repent and accept the good news.
How wonderful to know that Christianity is more than a padded pew or a dim cathedral, but that it is a real, living, daily experience which goes on from grace to grace. Jim Elliot
(October 8, 1927 – January 8, 1956) was an American Christian missionary and one of five people killed during Operation Auca, an attempt to evangelize the Huaorani people of Ecuador.
 Crossway Bibles. (2008). The ESV Study Bible (pp. 1989–1990). Crossway Bibles.
 Richards, L. O. (1991). The Bible reader’s companion (electronic ed., p. 666). Victor Books.