Welcome to Season 2 of Ukombozi.
The Sudanese Revolution of 2018-2019 was a bubbling up of many movements all at once. As Hamid Khalahfallah, one of our guests here, says: "It was many transitions all at once"––a political, cultural and spiritual one. And then it ended, first with another coup in 2021, and now with brutal fighting between two parts of the regime.
Here we discuss the conflict, but in also the place of social movements in Sudanese society. One of the reasons we are where we are today is because of the enormous inequalities that Sudanese society faces––since independence in 1956 and before, the country has been ruled by a narrow elite from the Nile Valley, excluding the peripheries and lower classes. Social movements inside and outside of Khartoum have been mobilizing against this.
We have with us two fantastic Sudanese activists and scholars to discuss this. Hamid Khalafallah is a program officer for the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance; he spoke with us in his personal capacity. He has been active with various civil resistance groups in Sudan, promoting democracy and advocating for human rights. Nisrin Elamin is assistant professor of anthropology and African studies at the University of Toronto. She studies rural movements and resistance to Saudi and Emirati land investments in central Sudan.