Welcome to Conversation with Katherine and my podcast ISM
I have traveled a great deal. In my travels, I frequently have encountered various types of
"ISMS". It could be sexism, tribalism, racism. Al of the ISM have a common feature, no matter what country or culture. They generally are negative perceptions of a group. The negative perceptions usually involved disparaging remarks. The word "they" and "those people" are often common descriptive terms. Each culture that I visited looks at other cultures with askance at their "ISM" and generally ignores their own.
I know of someone who came from an African country and at the embassy they were warned not to associate with Black Americans. "Because they will bring you down". When I was in Fiji a Gypsy warned me against the Native Fijians. The Gypsy used all of the negative statements about Native Fijians the I had previously heard about Gypsies.